Understanding T+1 (Transaction Date + 1 Business Day)

You may have seen this message: T+1 on 5/28. Here’s the quick translation: Transaction date + 1 business day starts on May 28th.

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On our clients’ recent Charles Schwab statements, there was a banner notification indicating “T plus one settlement starts May 28, 2024.” This means that trades will now “settle” faster than before. In the past, settlement cycles were longer, with T+3 (trade date plus three days) or T+2 being the norm in many markets. However, advancements in technology and changes in market infrastructure have led to the adoption of shorter settlement cycles.

From SEC.gov: On February 15, 2023, the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted rule amendments to shorten the standard settlement cycle for most broker-dealer transactions from “T+2” to “T+1,” subject to certain exceptions.  The compliance date for the rule amendments is May 28, 2024, at which point the standard settlement cycle will be T+1.  The SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy (OIEA) is issuing this Investor Bulletin to explain the new “T+1” settlement cycle and how it will affect certain transactions you place with your brokerage firm.”

clock with seconds hand moving quickly

The term “Trade Date +1” or “Transaction Date +1“ refers to the timeline for settling securities transactions. When a trade is executed, there is a delay between the trade date (the date on which the transaction occurs) and the settlement date (when the transaction is finalized, and securities and cash are exchanged). This shortened transaction time, often referred to as T+1, plays a crucial role in financial markets and has several implications for traders, investors, and market participants.

How Does Trade Date +1 Work?

Let’s say you buy shares of a company on Monday, the trade date is Monday. However, the actual transfer of the shares and the payment for those shares does not occur until the next day, Tuesday. 

This delay of one business day is known as T+1.

Why Does T+1 Matter?

  1. Risk Management: T+1 still allows for the verification of trade details and ensures that the transaction is legitimate. This helps in reducing the risk of fraud and errors in the settlement process.
  2. Liquidity Management: For investors and traders, T+1 provides an additional day to manage their liquidity. They have time to arrange for the necessary funds or securities required for settlement. The faster settlement time also allows investors to have access to their money more quickly.
  3. Regulatory Compliance: T+1 is now a regulatory requirement in many financial markets. It helps in maintaining transparency and ensuring that trades are settled in a timely manner.
  4. Impact on Trading Strategies: The T+1 settlement cycle can impact trading strategies, especially for high-frequency traders who rely on quick settlement to capitalize on price differences in different markets.
  5. Market Efficiency: T+1 contributes to the overall efficiency of the financial markets by providing a standardized settlement timeline that market participants can rely on.

Benefits of T+1 for You

The faster trade times may even allow for more time to do what we enjoy doing outside of the office!

two men riding in a golf cart and smiling


In the end, the change will likely not have too much of an effect on most investors. However, if a client needs money quickly from a security that needs to be liquidated, this will speed up the process.

Categories : Money IQ

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